Every individual dog has their own personality, but their breed will have a major impact on their character, their behaviour, and their looks. This means that dogs often have inherited characteristics such as having great stamina, a particularly acute sense of smell. or wanting to chase squirrels! These characteristics are similar within certain breeds which is why dogs have been categorised into breed groups. For example, working dogs are likely to need more exercise and gundogs are likely to want to retrieve.
What are the seven Dog Groups?
It may help to bear some of these characteristics in mind when picking a breed as it will give you a general overview of their personality and exercise needs.
That being said, it's important to remember that every dog is different and much of a dog's personality is down to its parents and the way it is raised by its owners.
Mixed breeds also won't fit into the dog group categories but you can also gauge their general needs based on their parent breeds' groups.
Below we’ve outlined more information about the seven breed groups, but you can also use the Tailwise Breed Explorer to find out more detailed information about almost 300 breeds, including crossbreeds.
Origins: Retrieving and hunting game
Characteristics: Usually highly intelligent and keen to learn, making them easy to train. Generally, they are great companion dogs that fit well into families. Will often need lots of exercise and mental stimulation.
Origins: Hunting by sight or smell
Characteristics: Most enjoy significant amounts of exercise. Have a tendency to howl. Can be seen as aloof but make loyal and trusting companions.
Origins: Herding and protecting livestock
Characteristics: Generally enjoy being active and working. Enjoy having a 'role' and are eager to please. They usually form strong bonds with one person.
Are you wondering which breed is right for you?
Tailwise takes the guesswork out of getting a puppy. We check and verify all our breeders and their litters before they can even be listed on our platform. Use our breed explorer to find the perfect breed for you and apply for available litters.
Origins: Hunting vermin
Characteristics: Normally feisty and bold. Very energetic with a tendency to be stubborn. Love 'performing' and getting lots of attention.
Characteristics: Small bodies full of love and affection for their owners. Real people focused dogs. Often fiercely loyal and protective. Don't generally need a lot of exercise.
Origins: Various - this group contains 'miscellaneous' breeds that were bred for a specific job but don't fit into the other categories.
Characteristics: Very varied due to their different breeding purposes.
Origins: Guarding and search and rescue
Characteristics: Usually big and powerful with an instinct to serve and protect their owners. Generally intelligent and easy to train. High exercise and mental stimulation needs.
What about Crossbreeds?
When you mix two purebred dogs such as a Cocker Spaniel and Poodle, you get a cross. This dog breeding technique is widely used to combine different characteristics from each breed (appearance, temperament, and abilities), which allows breeders to create unique dogs such as the Cockapoo, or the Puggle (Beagle x Pug), and many others with some interesting names - e.g what you get when you cross a Havanese and a Shih’ Tzu – I’ll let you work that out.
Many crossbreeds, including Cockapoos, are not officially recognised by the Kennel Club and therefore there is often no "breed standard." However almost every breed, including crossbreeds, will have a national breed club that may have guidelines and standards for crossbreeds. At Tailwise, we love all dogs!
As long as the breeders are responsible, do all the required health testing, and have the health & welfare of their dogs as their number one focus, we're more than happy to accept them.
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